AUDE Work Shadowing guidance/FAQs
What is the AUDE work shadowing programme?
AUDE’s work shadowing programme allows members to develop their career through on-the-job learning. It allows an individual specifically from estates and FM in one institution to work alongside and gain experience of the role of another individual either within their own institution or from within one of the 186 member institutions of AUDE. It can benefit full time and part time members at any stage of their career.
This initiative offers unique career development opportunities and we encourage members to get involved. The programme requires hosts to volunteer their time to help another member progress their learning and career. They can take place in person or virtually depending on any restrictions in place.
The main aims of the work shadowing programme.
The overarching objective of AUDE’s work shadowing programme is to support aspects of personal resilience and enhance succession planning within sector.
- Provide an insight into other roles, institutions and organisational culture
- Provide different perspectives on one’s own work by learning from others’ experiences
- Expand the professional network and help make professional contacts
- Provide an opportunity to undertake a gap analysis in one’s own knowledge skills and experience
- Support the preparation of a personal development plan to address any gaps within current roles or future career pathway
The main benefits of the work shadowing programme.
- Broadens the knowledge and understanding of the participants’ roles and Departments/teams as well as broader issues in the HE sector
- Increases the understanding of the wider institutional goals and objectives
- Brings people together who might not normally have contact and provides networking opportunities
- Allows the opportunity to compare and contrast standards and achievements in the shadow’s own Department with those elsewhere
- Improves communication within the organisation
- Provides the opportunity to observe good practice elsewhere
- Breaks down barriers and myths about how others work
- Allows the good practice to be brought back to the shadow’s current role
- Encourages the realisation that other people have different ways of doing things and provides fresh ideas and insights about how to be more effective in their own work
- Identifies areas for further personal development and widens experience, skills and future career opportunities
- Provides learning opportunities for the host – explaining a particular task or activity can provoke analysis and improve communication and feedback skills
Main roles in job shadowing
The line manager
For potential guests: as part of your usual professional development process, individuals may discuss job shadowing as either a way of developing their current role or as part of their career development into a different role. The line manager will agree with them what this will look like and how much time can be allowed for this activity. Your line manager should at this stage be made aware of the AUDE work shadowing programme and you should both agree if this is the best way forward to develop your career. Your own institution may have a similar work shadowing programme for you to consider.
For potential hosts: before registering as an AUDE work shadow host we recomment you discuss the opportunity with your line manager. The line manager will agree with you what this will look like and how much time can be allowed for this activity. Your line manager should at this stage be made aware of the AUDE work shadowing programme and you should both agree for you to register as a host.
A host is the person who agrees to be shadowed. This role does involve some preparation and thought and is not just about having someone follow you around for an agreed time span. A host needs to consider if the time requested is the best time for the shadowing to take place and how long each period of shadowing should be for. They will also need to take into consideration their work obligations and ensure that the shadowing experience does not get in the way of their day to day responsibilities.
A guest needs to consider why they are doing the shadowing and, what they hope to achieve. They will also need to do some preparation which will involve working with their line manager or the host prior to the shadowing to set objectives for the sessions. Following the shadowing its important to review and discuss outcomes and what happens next.
How to meet a guest or host within AUDE
The AUDE website allows hosts and guests to register themselves to be involved in the programme and contact suitable members, see www.aude.ac.uk/xxxxxx for details.
Different types of work shadowing
Observation – “fly on the wall”
As a visitor/guest you will spend the agreed period of time observing the day to day work of your host. This may involve a range of activities such as attending meetings, watching interactions with customers, etc. In fact it should be a typical representation of what the “host” individual does on a daily basis. This type of shadowing works best when a visitor/guest is looking to gain a greater understanding of what the host’s job role actually consists of. So, for example, if someone is considering a career change but isn’t quite sure if they fully understand what is involved in that role doing some job shadowing will give them the opportunity to explore this further. The host will provide opportunities for questions and a de-brief to ensure that both parties benefit from the shadowing.
Regular Briefings – “Burst Interactions”
Here a visitor/guest will shadow the host for specific activities over a period of time which are all preceded by a mini brief and follow up debrief. This works best when individuals work near to the host and the host can then advise them of dates and times of specific activities which are of value in understanding the role of the host. This type of shadowing provides short periods of focused activity, rather than passive ongoing observation. However it needs careful timing and planning if it is not to become disruptive.
Hands On – “job sharing”
This is an extension of the observation model, where the visitor/guest starts to undertake some of the tasks they have observed. This provides the visitor/guest with hands on experience of the role whilst having the safety net of being closely supervised by the host. This is not always possible and would need to be discussed on a case by case basis between the host and the visitor/guest.
Expectations of host
- Provide the visitor/guest with a timetable for when the shadowing will take place
- Agree a suitable time dependent on the visitor’s objectives and the service needs in the host area
- Prepare an area for the visitor/guest to be placed
- Ensure other colleagues are briefed about the shadowing experience
- Provide time between sessions or prior to sessions for questions and feedback
- Provide the visitor/guest with information on the team /department that the shadowing is taking place in
- Provide appropriate notice and reasons if the shadowing activity has to be cancelled or changed in any way
- Provide constructive feedback to the visitor/guest
- Should ensure they discuss any disability requirements with visitor/guest in advance of the work shadowing activities, to ensure there is enough time to put adjustments such as PEEP, specialist equipment etc in place in order to maximise the benefits of the experience
Expectations of guest
- Provide the host with an outline of what they are expecting from the shadowing prior to the shadowing taking place
- Show tact, discretion and awareness and if required withdraw from situations when circumstances deem it appropriate (for example, a student may just have requested a meeting to discuss something of a personal or private nature)
- Maintain confidentiality at all times
- Provide your host with feedback and reflections on what you have observed
- Ensure that you show good time keeping and inform your host if you are unavailable for any reason
- Ensure that your work colleagues back on the “day job” are aware of your absence and what cover is required
- Learn as much as you can prior to the shadowing, for example, reviewing the job description and person specification and talk to others you know who do this role
- Whilst on the shadowing take notes, you may come away with a useful list of numbers, emails, facts, thoughts and observations. Reflecting on these notes following the experience will allow you to maximise your learning
- Make sure you discuss any disability requirements with your host in advance of work shadowing actitivties, so that the host has enough time to put adjustments in place in order to maximise the benefits of the shadowing
Key Consideration before work shadowing
For the guest and line manager to record
- How does job shadowing fit in with your personal or career development needs?
- How might this job shadowing better inform the work of your current team?
- How will your experience and knowledge from this experience be fed back to the team?
For the guest to consider and record
- What are your preconceptions of the role to be shadowed?
- What do you hope to gain personally from the experience?
- How do you think you will cope in this different working environment?
For the guest and host to consider and record?
- What do you need to know in order to get the most from this experience?
- What needs or anxieties do you have in relation to this experience that your host needs to be aware of?
- Have you got any particular questions that you need to find the answer to?
- When is the best time for a guest to get a good overview of the role?
- What do I need to inform the guest of prior to the shadowing?
- Do I need to let anyone else know that the shadowing is taking place?
- What does the visitor/guest hope to get from the process?
- What do I need to know about them?
- Do I need to complete any health & safety requirements prior to the visit?
- Do they have any additional support requirements that I need to be aware of?
- What do I want to know about the job?
- What questions do I want to ask?
- What do you want to know about the team department?
- Are there any specific tasks or elements of the job you would like to see above all others?
- What do I know already about this job/department/team?
- Are there any special requirements (such as dress code)?
- What will I do as a result of this shadowing? (including how I will feed the learning back to my team)
During the work shadow activities
Guests should prepare to ask their hosts questions to understand their role better such as:
- What education/training did you have before taking this role?
- How helpful was it in getting you the role and supporting you in the role?
- Are there any other experiences - work or non work related - that have supported you in your career?
- If you could go back in time would you do anything differently in preparation for this career path?
- What would you look for if you were recruiting for this post?
- Are there any journals or career related web sites you think would be helpful in learning about this role?
- Is volunteering a good way to gain experience that would be recognised at interview?
- What happened at your job interview. What should I expect?
- Are there any professional groups I could join that would be useful to me?
- What qualifications do you feel are important for this role?
- What personal qualities do you need to succeed in this role?
- Why did you apply for this role?
Job Pros & Cons
- Would you choose the same occupation if you were just starting out? Why or why not?
- Do you have any special words of warning or encouragement as a result of your experience?
- If you could change any aspect of your career/ role what would you change?
- Why did you choose this career/role? Was it what you expected it to be?
- What is your favourite thing about your current role?
- What do you feel are the most challenging elements of your role?
The job itself
- Could you give me an example of a typical day for you in this role?
- What do you spend most of your time doing?
- In terms of a career path what would that look like for this sort of role? Where could you progress to?
- Who do you work with and what are the relationship links?
- How important is team work to this role?
- How often do you work alone?
- How much of the work is self directed and how much is regulated by others?
- What are usual work patterns like in this role?
After the work shadowing activities
For the guest and their line manager to reflect on and record
- How has this job shadowing enhanced your personal/ career development?
- How has this job shadowing affected your/your team’s performance?
- Did you feedback to your team?
For the guest to reflect on and record
- Was the role as you expected it to be?
- What did you gain personally from the experience?
- How did you cope with the different working environment?
For the guest and host to consider and record
- What did you get from the experience of working with the host?
- What concerns or questions have arisen as a result of the experience?
- Did the experience answer the questions you were looking to answer?